There are many ways to specialize, advance, and even move to the field of software testing; the road isn’t set in stone. You might start as a trainee or junior tester and go up from there. Others may want to work as technical testers or QA (Quality Assurance) consultants. The advancement of stages differs from one person to another. The best part is there are no boundaries to achieve your aim with various possibilities and no specific deadline. You can find numerous opportunities and select the suitable choice to work in the field related to software. In this article, we’ll explore the various career paths as a tester, what are the skills needed, and career growth in this field. Stay tuned to learn more…
An approach to evaluate the performance of the software is known as Software Testing. With the help of this process, you can examine if the original software meets the expected needs. Identification of the bugs, issues, or missing needs compared to actual needs is the objective of software testing. Measuring the application or software functionality, specification, and performance are its primary goals. We can classify the software testing into two stages. They are verification and validation. The series of tasks helps to make sure that the software program appropriately executes a particular function involved in verification. A distinct set of tasks which helps to check if the created software fulfils the needs of the end user is validation.
There are several openings available in the field of software testing. We will look into some important career paths below:
Manual Tester: A person who executes testing manually without using any automated tools or scripts is known as a manual tester. Manual testers usually follow test cases or scenarios that specify the expected characteristics and results of the software under test. Good knowledge of software needs, business logic, and the user interface is required for manual testers. They must be strong in analytical, communication, and problem-solving skills to identify, report, and verify defects. You can employ manual testers on several types of software testing, such as compatibility, usability, functional, or regression testing.
Test Analyst: A person who plans, designs, and manages the software testing process is known as a test analyst. They usually incorporate the stakeholders, including the clients, the developers, and the project managers, to define the perspective, objectives, and planning. Test analysts must have a thorough understanding of the software development life cycle, testing techniques, and quality requirements. They must have good analytical, interpersonal, and leadership abilities to aid with planning, directing, and assessing the testing activities. System, acceptability, and operational testing are just a few of the various software testing tasks that test analysts might work on.
Test Engineer: A person who is involved in both the testing and development of software products is known as a test engineer. They usually coordinate with developers to check that the software fulfills the technical specifications and the quality criteria. Test engineers need to be well-informed on the principles of software engineering, programming languages, and testing technologies. To design, carry out, and troubleshoot test cases, they must possess good programming, testing, and debugging skills. Functional, non-functional, and exploratory testing are just a few of the types of software testing that test engineers might work on.
Automation Tester: A person who employs automated tools such as Selenium, Appium, Playwright, Cypress, or scripts to execute testing tasks, including performing test cases, creating test data, or examining test results, is known as an automation tester. The main aim of automation testers is to decrease the manual effort, improve test coverage, and boost test efficiency and reliability. They must be well-versed in the testing framework, automation technologies, and software architecture. To create, implement, and manage automated test scripts, they must possess good programming, debugging, and testing skills. Software testing projects that automation testers might work on include unit, integration, performance, and security tests.
Note: LambdaTest is a very effective platform for automation testers aiming to optimise their testing processes and boost productivity. LambdaTest has a cloud-based infrastructure that offers a wide range of browsers, operating systems, and real device cloud. This comprehensive coverage helps to make sure that automation testers can entirely verify their scripts across various environments. You can incorporate LambdaTest with famous automation frameworks such as Selenium, which helps testers run their automated test scripts and scale their testing efforts easily. The platform provides parallel testing abilities, allowing Automation Testers to perform tests concurrently, decreasing performance time significantly. Also, extensive reporting and debugging tools of LambdaTest permit testers to find and resolve issues promptly. It can also integrate with CI/CD tools and promote the integration of automated tests into the development pipeline, an essential part of the DevOps process.
Test Manager: A person who is responsible for the overall testing approach, budget, and resources. They usually coordinate with the senior management, the project sponsors, and the test teams to organize the testing goals with the business objectives and the project scope. Test managers must have a good knowledge of the software industry, project management methodologies, and risk management techniques. As they are responsible for supervising, coaching, and reporting on the test results, they also need to have good leadership, communication, and negotiation abilities. End-to-end, user acceptability, and release testing are just a few of the types of software testing that test managers might work on.
Once you’ve gained experience with manual testing, you can also pursue the following specialities.
Performance Testing: Your job as a performance test engineer will involve determining how quickly an application loads and how much load it can withstand, among other things. WEBLoad and Loadrunner are the tools used for this.
Business Analyst: Testers are extremely knowledgeable about end-to-end business when compared to developers, which is a great advantage for them. Therefore, a business analyst role is a good career option for testers. A business analyst is responsible for analyzing and assessing the business model and work flaws of the company. As a BA, you have to incorporate these models and workflows with technology.
The list of technical and non-technical skills required for software testing is given below.
The below technical skills will help you achieve your goal if you’re an amateur developer or a tester:
Programming Languages: Knowledge of one or more programming languages is the biggest advantage in software testing. Programming languages such as Java, Python, Ruby, and others are highly available and exchangeable Programming languages among testers.
Hands-On Skills in Test Management Tools: The important aspect of software testing is test management. If you don’t use the right procedures and tools, the overall software testing procedure will fail. But test management tools help testers manage testing artefacts such as test cases, issue reports, and so on. Therefore, the basic knowledge and practical skills with such technologies are important in such cases.
Automation and Manual Testing: Knowing both automated and manual testing is essential for software testers. You can validate software programs using numerous test settings and scenarios in manual testing. On the other hand, automation testing is responsible for testing and utilising automated technologies that help to reduce performance time while increasing quality.
Knowledge of Bug Tracking Tool: Bug-tracking tools are very important in the life cycle of software; they handle issues effectively and monitor them consistently. The entire product team, such as testers, developers, and managers, should know defect tracking tools and their use.
Non-technical skills are important for the tester to grow successfully. Here is the list of some of the utmost required capabilities:
Organisational and Time Management Skills: As testers perform in a quick setting, they must have good time management skills, especially during code release. You have to properly manage the workload of the software tester while maintaining high productivity.
Analytical Skills: A proficient software tester should possess keen analytical abilities that would help them disassemble the complex software system into simpler components. They would be able to create better test cases and have a greater understanding of the complexity.
Attitude: A proficient software tester must be optimistic to improve technical and other abilities. A tester must have a detail-oriented mindset to take responsibility for finishing a task without much supervision.
Passion: You do not just select a software tester career path without any reason. A software tester needs to have a passion for the subject. Every software tester must have important skills like full engagement in a task that includes enthusiasm and devotion.
Written and Verbal Communication Skills: A successful tester must have good writing and good communication skills. Because a tester has to write test cases, test strategies, defect reports, test conditions, and so on so that everyone can read and comprehend them. While dealing with a fault or a follow-up, the software tester even needs constant collaboration with a developer while dealing with a problem or follow-up that requires excellent communication skills.
Here in this section, we have mentioned the entire roadmap of software testing for those who want to pursue a software tester career path: Most likely, you’ll need a bachelor’s degree in engineering related to the industry you want to work in. This is the most important eligibility requirement for software testing that you must fulfil. If you want to become a software test engineer, you must decide if the position will fit your personality, talents, ideal lifestyle (work-life balance, for example), and goals. A person who is best in mathematics and physics and has an interest in computers and electronics is usually suitable for this position.
You have to feel comfortable discussing your ideas with other experts, such as managers and design engineers, to pursue this profession. Also, you have to be familiar with the basic concepts of software testing, like detecting the presence of errors, determining risk without exhaustive testing, defect clustering, early testing, and making sure that a product fulfils business needs without any issues. After taking into account all the factors, you may decide if you want to work as a software tester.
The field of software testing has undergone many changes over the last ten years. A career in this field has become more in demand than ever. It has produced numerous job paths with various speciality levels. Being educated in the most recent software testing technologies and trends can help you succeed in your job as a software tester, which has great growth potential.