Choosing the Right Environmentally Friendly Flooring for Your Irish Home: Laminate, Parquet, Engineered, and Hardwood


When it comes to selecting wood flooring for your home in Ireland, there are several options to consider. Laminate, parquet, engineered, and hardwood floors each offer unique benefits and drawbacks, along with varying environmental impacts and costs. This post will guide you through these flooring types to help you make an informed decision.

1. Laminate Flooring

  • Makeup: Composed of several layers, including a moisture barrier, a dense fibreboard core, a high-resolution photographic image of wood, and a protective top layer.
  • Advantages: Cost-effective, durable, scratch-resistant, and easy to install.
  • Disadvantages: Not as long-lasting as real wood, can’t be refinished, and lower resale value.
  • Environmental Impact: Laminate flooring, often lauded for incorporating recycled materials in its core layers, contributes positively to environmental sustainability. The recycled content typically includes wood fibres or chips, which helps in reducing waste and conserving natural resources. However, there are environmental concerns regarding laminate flooring, particularly related to the chemicals used in its production.

The adhesives and coatings used in laminate flooring may contain formaldehyde and other volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Formaldehyde is used to bind the layers together and can emit gas over time, a process known as off-gassing. This emission can potentially impact indoor air quality and pose health risks. Similarly, VOCs present in coatings and adhesives can contribute to indoor air pollution.

Manufacturers have been addressing these concerns by developing low-VOC and formaldehyde-free adhesives and coatings. Consumers looking for environmentally friendly options should seek products certified by organizations such as the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) or those that meet stringent indoor air quality standards. These certifications ensure that the laminate flooring is manufactured with fewer harmful chemicals, making it a safer and more sustainable choice.

  • Costs: Relatively low in both purchase and installation, making it a budget-friendly option.

2. Parquet Flooring

  • Makeup: Made of small, solid wood pieces arranged in geometric patterns.
  • Advantages: Elegant and unique look that can be refinished multiple times.
  • Disadvantages: Susceptible to scratches and moisture, requires regular maintenance.
  • Environmental Impact: Depends on the source of the wood; sustainable if from certified forests.
  • Costs: Higher than laminate due to intricate design and installation process.

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3. Engineered Flooring

  • Makeup: Consists of a thin layer of hardwood atop a thicker base of plywood or HDF.
  • Advantages: More stable than solid wood, less prone to warping, suitable for underfloor heating.
  • Disadvantages: Limited refinishing options, varying quality.
  • Environmental Impact: Engineered wood flooring, often viewed as a more environmentally friendly alternative to solid hardwood, has a lower environmental impact primarily due to its construction. The top layer of engineered wood is a thin veneer of real hardwood, which means less solid wood is used compared to traditional hardwood floors. The base layer, typically made of plywood or high-density fiberboard, can be produced using sustainable wood sources, further reducing its environmental footprint.

The sustainable sourcing of the base layer is key to minimizing the ecological impact. When these layers are derived from responsibly managed forests or made from recycled wood fibers, the overall depletion of hardwood resources is significantly reduced. This approach not only conserves valuable hardwood but also promotes responsible forest management.

Moreover, engineered wood’s efficient use of wood aligns with principles of sustainable forestry, which aim to balance the need for wood products with the preservation of forest ecosystems. By opting for engineered wood with a sustainably sourced base layer, consumers can enjoy the beauty and durability of hardwood flooring while making a more environmentally conscious choice. It’s beneficial to look for certifications like FSC or Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC), which indicate adherence to sustainable forestry practices.

    • Costs: Mid-range, more expensive than laminate but generally less than solid hardwood.

4. Hardwood Flooring

  • Makeup: Made entirely from solid wood planks.
  • Advantages: Timeless appeal, increases home value, can be sanded and refinished.
  • Disadvantages: Susceptible to moisture and temperature changes, can be scratched, higher installation complexity.
  • Environmental Impact: The environmental impact of hardwood flooring can be significant if the wood is not sourced responsibly. Hardwood flooring relies on timber from hardwood trees, which typically grow slowly. Unsustainable harvesting of these trees can lead to deforestation, loss of habitat, and other environmental issues.

To mitigate these concerns, it’s crucial to choose hardwood flooring that comes from responsibly managed forests. The Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certification is a reliable indicator of sustainable practices. FSC-certified wood is sourced from forests that are managed with strict environmental, social, and economic standards. This ensures that the wood is harvested in a way that maintains the forest’s biodiversity, productivity, and ecological processes.

By opting for FSC-certified hardwood, consumers can help reduce negative environmental impacts. This choice supports sustainable forestry practices, which are crucial for preserving forest ecosystems for future generations. It also often means a higher quality of wood, as sustainable forestry practices can lead to healthier, more robust forests.

In summary, while hardwood flooring has the potential for a high environmental impact, choosing responsibly sourced, FSC-certified wood can significantly reduce this impact and contribute to global environmental sustainability efforts.

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  • Costs: Typically the most expensive in terms of both materials and installation.


Each flooring type offers unique aesthetic and functional benefits. Laminate and engineered floors offer cost-effectiveness and stability, while parquet and hardwood provide classic beauty and durability. When choosing, consider your budget, the room’s usage, and your commitment to maintenance. Additionally, the environmental impact of your choice is an important factor, especially with the growing emphasis on sustainable living. By weighing these factors, you can select the perfect flooring for your Irish home.

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